A push button switch is a common switch type, allowing for a user to actuate a process upon depressing the button of an assembly. When a push button switch is activated, contacts will typically be held together so that electricity may flow. Such switch types are commonplace for many appliances and electronics found within homes and workplaces, and they may come in a large variety of types to accommodate different needs. In this blog, we will provide a brief overview of some of the most common push button switch types, allowing you to find what is best for your particular requirements.


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A stud bolt is a type of threaded rod that regularly features threading across the complete length of the bar. When paired with nuts, a stud bolt can act as an essential component for flanged joints so that they may be properly sealed. Depending on the need of the assembly or application, there are a variety of stud bolts and nuts that fall under various specifications which may be advantageous for assemblies. In this blog, we will provide a brief overview of stud bolts that are used for flanges, assisting you in your search for the correct fit for your particular application.


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Cable ties are fasteners used to bundle cables together to keep them organized and prevent damage. They come in a wide array of sizes, lengths, materials, etc. Their uses vary across a broad range of industries, but they are all effective means of managing cables. In this blog, we will discuss the types, materials, and applications of cable ties.


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A processor is a chip or logical circuit that processes and responds to instructions to drive a computer. The main functions of a processor are fetching, decoding, executing, and writing back the operations of an instruction. Processors can be used in any system that incorporates computers, laptops, smartphones, embedded systems, and more. The two main components of a processor are the Arithmetic Logic Unit (ALU), and Control Unit (CU). The ALU performs the mathematical operations of the computer while the control unit operates like traffic control, managing the commands or operations of an instruction. The processor also communicates with other input/output devices and memory/storage devices. There are five types of general-purpose processors: microcontroller, microprocessor, embedded processor, digital signal processor (DSP), and media processor. This blog will analyze each type and its unique characteristics.


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A compact flash card, or CF card, is a small memory card commonly used in camera systems. They are known for their speed, portability, and durability, which combine to make them a very popular option for both professional photographers and filmmakers. This blog will cover how to read a CF card, how CF cards work, and how they differ from SD (Secure Digital) cards.


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While flight has radically changed our ability to traverse the world and reach new heights since its inception, the aviation industry is still in a stage of constant evolution. As the applications of aircraft continue to diversify and the demands of operations grow, the industry is always seeking ways in which technology and offerings can improve to accommodate rising needs. Whether an aircraft is a standard commercial airliner or a military transportation jet, all aircraft may find a time in which they need quick access to special equipment, tools, and spare parts. Known as a fly away kit, such containers may come in a variety of shapes and sizes to accommodate many parts and equipment sets.


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Precise CNC (computer numerical control) machining is critical in ensuring that plastic aircraft parts are durable, reliable, and lightweight. Whether its humidity, corrosion, rapid temperature and pressure changes, or other, aircraft are constantly subjected to harsh environments. As such, their parts must be up for a challenge. Precision machining is critical for all aircraft parts, but some need it more than others. For an aircraft to be in top shape, all parts must be functioning as intended. A single flawed or damaged part can affect the entire system. In this blog, we will discuss the six areas where precision is most important: the engine, avionics, sensors, airframe, connectors, and seating.


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In the aircraft construction and repair industry, aircraft fasteners are used to assemble every part of an aircraft, ranging from detailed parts that make up assemblies, which make up installations, and finally make up an entire aircraft. On the Boeing 747, there are over six million total parts, more than half of which are fasteners. Fasteners are used to connect components together in primary structural areas, secondary structures, pressurized and non-pressurized applications, and to transfer loads from one part to another in both production and repair applications.


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A microprocessor is a type of computer processor, allowing for the central processing of the computer to be conducted on a single integrated circuit. Despite their small size, a microprocessor is composed of millions of transistors, resistors, and diodes, allowing the component to undertake the binary operations of the system based on instructions stored in computer memory. In this blog, we will discuss various types of microprocessors available, as well as each of their applications and functions.


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To put it simply, a bearing refers to an equipment component that is utilized to control the movement and limit the friction of a mobilizing part. It reduces relative movement to limit the load placed on the machinery. True to its name (as the term “bearing” is a meld of the words “to bear”) the bearing certainly does bear many components in modern machinery. For a more detailed look at the many different bearing parts, you can read the article below and learn about the variety of options you may find in the bearing market, including but not limited to plain bearings, ball bearings, roller bearings, fluid bearings and magnetic bearings.


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When operating an aircraft engine, an immense amount of internal heat is generated, sometimes even reaching temperatures around 2,000 degrees Celsius in certain engines. This is due to the process of fuel combustion that many engines utilize for producing propulsion. With such fuel ignition and heat generation, engines and their surrounding components can heat up very quickly, leading to damage if left unchecked. To mitigate this heat and cool down the engine to acceptable temperature limits, various aircraft cooling systems are in place. In this blog, we will discuss the various aircraft cooling systems that benefit different aircraft, and how they provide for temperature reduction.


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To operate heavy, flight-pertinent machinery such as landing gear and main steam system valves, aircraft rely on the hydraulic system. With a hydraulic system, a small volume of fluids may be utilized to transfer high amounts of pressure and force. This is due to the incompressibility of fluids, allowing for force to be equally transferred throughout the fluid as according to Pascal’s law of hydraulics. For hydraulics to be successfully operated, they require the use of aircraft actuators.


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Aircraft bolts are a type of fastener that is widely used across the assembly of an aircraft. Fasteners are a type of hardware that allow for two or more components to be secured together either non-permanently or permanently, and they are greatly utilized for aircraft construction. Aircraft fasteners such as the bolt are used in areas where there is a need for high strength that typical screws cannot fulfill. Depending on the application and need, different types of aircraft bolts with varying properties may be used. In this blog, we will discuss some of the main bolt types that are used for aircraft assembly.


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A washer is a thin plate with a central hole used to distribute the pressure load between two attached surfaces. They are often used with nuts, bolts, or other fasteners to prevent them from being driven into the material of the surfaces to which they are affixed. General wear and tear from vibration and friction often causes standard threaded fasteners to loosen over time, but the lock washer is designed to resist this. This blog will explain how lock washers work, their types, and how to use them.


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A USB flash drive is a type of data storage device that is most often removeable, portable, and features the capability of being rewritten for continued reuse. They are often very small and light in design, making them very portable and suitable for storing, back-up, and transferring of data. What makes USB as a platform so useful for data storage is that all operating systems (OS) and BIOS nowadays support USB flash drives. With the adoption of USB technology by all major systems and manufacturers, these data storage devices have also faced constant improvement of speed to make reading and writing much quicker.


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With the constant advancement of aircraft technology and global strive for a reduction in the aerospace carbon footprint, the aircraft actuator market is facing a rise in demand. Actuators are simply a component in which an action, movement, or other control can be conducted after given an operating signal. These operating signals can be given via voltage, hydraulics, pneumatics, or by manual human power. From landing gear to aircraft flaps, actuators are vital to a number of flight pertinent operations, and this number will only continue to rise.


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The first half of the equation of flight has to do with three factors: lift, force and gravity. To dive into these factors, we need to look into the physics of airplane flight and Newton’s Third Law of Motion: for every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction. The main key here is balance. To achieve flight we must first create forward thrust and lift to generate air pressure beneath the wings that will, in turn, lift the plane. This lift must create an imbalance where there is more lift or force upward than there is gravity pushing downward. Airplane wings are shaped with an angle of attack that maximises the amount of air hitting the bottom of the wing. Too much tilt and the airflow around the wings becomes too choppy and irregular and a plane fails to sustain lift and fly correctly. A 15 degree tilt tends to be the maximum sustainable angle for aerodynamic flight.


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From directional control to changes in altitude, an aircraft autopilot system can control many aspects of the flight, aiding the pilot when necessary, as well as making the trek smooth and efficient. Some may be surprised to know that aircraft can even control and execute a landing, though it is very uncommon. Less than 1 in 100 commercial airliner flights are ever landed through autopilot, and it is often reserved for times where visibility is extremely poor. Nevertheless, it is something that many planes are capable of doing, and it can be a very smooth and safe operation due to the expertise of pilots. In this article, we will discuss how autopilot is able to conduct landings by itself.


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As aircraft burn large quantities of fuel during flight, the engines generate an intense amount of heat that spreads to the surrounding components. While half of this heat is flushed out as exhaust, the other half remains absorbed by the engine, posing a problem that could lead to damage of parts or even failure of the system as a whole. To mitigate this issue, aircraft utilize lubricant cooling systems to reduce the heat of the engine and its surrounding parts.


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Aircraft come in many different shapes, sizes, functions, and applications. Because of this, varying materials are used depending on the plane’s performance needs. Early aircraft such as the Wright Flyer were built with wood and fabric. The aircraft frame was constructed with spruce and ash and much of the surface was covered with muslin, a plain cotton fabric. Modern aircraft are made from metal or composites like carbon-fiber and fiberglass, or a combination of these. Here is a rundown of some of the materials used in aircraft today.


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Integrated circuits are one of the most important technological innovations of the 20th century. Consisting of interconnected transistors, resistors, capacitors, diodes, and more all contained on a thin slice of material (typically silicon), integrated circuits are the basis for modern electronics.


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Memory is the computer hardware integrated circuits that store information for immediate use in a computer. Memory is distinct from the hard drive because it allows the CPU to immediately access the data it needs. Most forms of memory are temporary, they do not save data permanently.


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Operating an aircraft’s engine at excessively high temperatures is dangerous. Outside of the correct temperature range, an engine can lose power and suffer damage such as scoring on the cylinder walls and burning or warping in the valves. Therefore, maintaining optimal temperatures is a central part of ensuring healthy engine operations in an aircraft.


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As a plane descends and prepares for landing, it conjures an incredible amount of force around it. Planes are typically traveling at about 200 miles per hour when touching down on the runway; thus, they require a superb braking system. Even when idle, thrust is produced and travels forward as it acts against the deceleration systems. The braking system on aircraft are sufficient enough to stop most aircraft, yet in case of emergency, another deceleration method is needed for safety purposes and to prolong the longevity of the brakes.


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The average passenger aircraft has upwards of 1,000 various aircraft cable bundles installed within its structure. The wiring and cable assemblies serve integral tasks including flight control, data bus, fireproof redundancy, and more. Two of those cable systems that are imperative to avionics are flight control cables and data bus cables.  


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Aircraft engines create an immense amount of heat throughout their flight hours. High temperatures necessitate the presence of cooling instruments. An important member of these components is the cowl flap. Dare I reference the Star Wars prequels, an activated cowl flap resembles a mini version of the walkway extended from Padme’s J-type Star Skiff ship in the last scene of Revenge of the Sith. Though a cowl flap doesn’t sound as flashy, the lowering mechanism works almost identically, and is a valuable cooling component.


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Aviation is all about safety. And, the number one approach the aviation industry has taken to ensure safety is redundancy. The more warning systems and safety nets, the better. One of these systems are the annunciators. Annunciators relay, or “announce”, vital information to the operator or systems monitor.  Annunciators are a system of alarms, both visual and audible. They display the immediate condition of equipment. Annunciators devices are used in various industries including the aviation, maritime, and industrial industries. But, they’re the most common in aviation  


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